ISSUE: 3/2021

  • Volume 25
  • Number 3
  • 2021

Studia Europejskie –
Studies in European Affairs

ISSN: 1428-149X
e-ISSN: 2719-3780

Ccbync License


Articles published in the journal are under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License

Searching for the Best Way of Integration. Migrant Women in Europe


Nowadays, the significance of women in the international movement of migrants is important both from a quantitative and qualitative point of view. Many migrant women move to other countries either on their own or to join their husbands or other family members. The number of migrant women is also increasing in Europe. For this reason, focusing on the phenomenon of gender-based migration has become an important research element and affects many areas. The mass migration of women from highly diverse cultural backgrounds to European countries draws particular attention to the problems of integrating these women in host countries. However, most European countries lack integration policies that take into account the real needs of migrant women. Given that women account for almost half of all migrants, data on migration should be gender-sensitive and state policies must take into account how gender actually shapes the different needs of migrants. Also, since migrant women/refugees who come to European countries constitute a heterogeneous group in many respects, this heterogeneity should be taken into account in integration processes. In this article, two issues have been taken into account as research questions: 1, are immigrant/refugee women treated the same as immigrant/refugee men? and 2, is gender taken into account in the integration policies of European countries? To study the issues presented in the article, a review of the available literature was used, as well as data available on the websites of the OECD and the European Commission.


Agatiello G.L., Humer Eurodiaconia’s Guidelines for the Integration of Migrant Women, Brussel 2018,

Banaś M., Wielość kultur, różnorodność tradycji, jedno społeczeństwo. Szwedzki model polityki integracyjnej, 120135d1a1df (access 20.10.2020).

Barslund M.A., Di Bartolomeo L., Gender Inequality and Integration of Non-EU Migrants in the EU, CEPS Policy Insights, no. 6/2017, (access 25.11.2020).

Bojar H., Wzory imigracji z perspektywy rodziny i ich potencjał integracyjny w kontekście polskim, Institute of Public Affairs, Warsaw 2011, https:// erspektywyrodzinyiichpotencjaintegracyjnywkontekciepolskim.pdf (access 27.11.2020).

Boyd M., Grieco E., Women and Migration: Incorporating Gender into International Migration Theory, Migration Policy Institute, 1 March 2003, (access 28.10.2020).

Commission Implementing Decision of 6.11.2019, European Commision, Brussels, 6.11.2019, (access 25.11.2020).

Five reasons migration is a feminist issue, United Nations Population Fund, (access 20.10.2020).

Fomina J., Czy migracja ma płeć? Analiza działalności organizacji pozarządowych wspierających migrantów w Polsce, The Institute of Public Affairs, Warsaw 2012. Freedman J., Women, Migration and Activism in Europe, „Amnis”, no. 8/2008, DOI:

Gacek M., Strategie migracyjne Polaków po 2004 roku. Przypadek Szkocji, „Pogranicze. Polish Borderlands Studies”, no. 1/2013.

Haque S., Malebranche M., Impact of culture on refugee women’s conceptualization and experience of postpartum depression in high-income countries of resettlement: A scoping review, DOI:

Hennebry J.L., Petrozziello A., Closing the Gap? Gender and the Global Compacts for Migration and Refugees, „International Migration”, no. 6/2019.

Integration on migrant women, European Web Site On Integration, European Commission, (access 28.10.2020).

International Migration 2019, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, les/fi les/documents/2020/Feb/un_2019_ internationalmigration_wallchart.pdf (access 20.10.2020).

International Migration, Racism, Discrimination and Xenophobia, International Labour Office (ILO) International Organization for Migration (IOM) Offi ce of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), August 2001, https://publications. les/pdf/international_migration_racism.pdf (access 15.10.2020).

Kawczyńska-Butrym Z., Migracje. Wybrane zagadnienia, University of Maria Skłodowska Curie Press, Lublin 2009.

King-Dejardin A., The Social Construction of Migrant Care Work At the intersection of care, migration and gender, International Labour Offi ce, Genewa 2019.

Koryś I., Kobiety migrantki: warunki udanej integracji, The Institute of Public Affairs, Warsaw 2009.

Making integration work – family migrants, OECD Publishing, 2017, DOI:

Migrant and refugee women and girls, Council of Europe, (access 26.11.2020).

Morse N.C., Weiss R.S., The function and meaning of work and the job, „American Sociological Review”, no. 2/1955.

O’Neil T., Fleury A., Forest M., Women on the move: migration, gender equality and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, https://www. (access 25.10.2020).

Orgad L., The citizen-makers: Ethical dilemmas in immigrant integration, „European Law Journal”, no. 6/2019.

Penninx R., Problems of and solutions for the study of immigrant integration, „Comparative Migration Studies”, no. 7/2019, DOI: https://doi. org/10.1186/s40878-019-0122-x.

Praszałowicz D., Polskie studia na temat migracji kobiet: wybrane perspektywy teoretyczne i wyniki badań in Migracje kobiet. Perspektywa wielowymiarowa, ed. K. Slany, Jagiellonian University Press, Cracow 2008.

Rubiano-Matulevich E., Beegle K., Women and migration: Exploring the data, (access 10.11.2020).

Language: English

Pages: 39-57

How to Cite:


Radowicz, J. (2021) "Searching for the Best Way of Integration. Migrant Women in Europe". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 3/2021, pp. 39-57. DOI: 10.33067/SE.3.2021.3