ISSUE: 4/2019

  • Volume 23
  • Number 4
  • 2019

Studia Europejskie –
Studies in European Affairs

ISSN: 1428-149X
e-ISSN: 2719-3780

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Articles published in the journal are under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License

Foreign Capital Originating from the EU in Investment and Trade Activities of Polish Regions


Foreign capital inflow is viewed as a driving force of economic growth and development. To a large extent, the effects it may potentially produce depend on the location choice or, in other words, on the economic advancement of the region in question, available skills on the labour market, and the quality of infrastructure. Capital flows usually lead to the intensification of foreign trade, however, the ultimate potential outcomes of social and economic transformation within a given territory depend on the structure of trade flows. In relation to the above, this paper is motivated by the wish to grasp the pattern of foreign investment location choices (paying special attention to investors from other EU Member States) and their basic effects on the internationalisation of regions in the light of public interventions admissible in Poland. To this end, a statistical analysis of the following data will be carried out into: a) the evolution in the location pattern observed for companies with foreign capital based in Polish voivodeships (NUTS-2) in the period 2004–2017 and b) their foreign trade performance. Statistical analyses have led to the conclusion that foreign capital not only targeted better-developed regions of the country (even though their State aid offer is more limited) as the location for its investment but also companies established in these locations as a result of such investments are more strongly engaged in international trade (and are affiliates within the organisational structure of a single business entity) than foreign companies which chose to locate their businesses in poorer regions of the country.


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Language: English

Pages: 109-124

How to Cite:


Ambroziak, A. (2019) "Foreign Capital Originating from the EU in Investment and Trade Activities of Polish Regions". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 4/2019, pp. 109-124. DOI: 10.33067/SE.4.2019.7