ISSUE: 3/2019

  • Volume 23
  • Number 3
  • 2019


Studia Europejskie –
Studies in European Affairs

ISSN: 1428-149X
e-ISSN: 2719-3780

Ccbync License


Articles published in the journal are under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License

The Validity of Human Rights in Europe in the Wake of the Crisis of Refugees from the Middle East


The purpose of this article is to analyse the loss of validity in the principles of universality and equality that lead the international system of Human Rights, in the wake of the refugee crisis that arose in Europe in 2014. The main idea is that the massive arrival of refugees due to the violence in the Middle East revealed severe humanitarian contradictions in the European countries when providing the right to asylum, integration, acknowledgement and intercultural dialogue in favour of those affected by the war. Through an analysis of the debates that arose in Europe after the arrival of refugees to the continent, this article seeks to evidence the diminishment in the social support to the values of freedom, international cooperation, multiculturalism and Human Rights; as well as an increase in the xenophobic and isolationist expressions. This work approaches the situation of Human Rights from the theoretical perspective of social movements, bearing in mind that the progressive incorporation of these prerogatives in the national and international legal frameworks, has been encouraged by collective actions that generationally have managed to increase the repertoire of rights that protect human dignity. Nevertheless, the inconvenience now, is that regressive movements have begun to arise nowadays, threatening to move aside institutions that behold the ideal of a liberal and cosmopolitan democracy. To state evidence of such challenge, this work compiles the opinion of the European population in topics that refl ect their point of view on Human Rights. In this context, the research methodology was oriented to discourse analysis of online comments posted by readers of the newspapers with the highest circulation in six European countries, in relation to news that, because of their impact, appalled society and made them take part in the repercussions for their countries.


Qué son los Derechos Humanos? (access 4.09.2019).

Aguilar M., Las tres generaciones de los Derechos Humanos , “Derechos Humanos. Órgano Informativo de la Comisión de Derechos Humanos del Estado de México”, no. 30/2016, pp. 93–103.

Appadurai A., Grassroots Globalization, in: New Social Movements. A reader, eds. V. Ruggiero, N. Montagna, New York: Routledge 2008, pp. 303–306.

Carpizo J., Los Derechos Humanos: Naturaleza, Denominación y Características, “Revista Mexicana de Derecho Constitucional”, no. 25/2011, pp. 3–29.

Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea, (access 4.09.2019).

Crisis de Refugiados en Europa, octubre, noviembre, diciembre del 2016, (access 4.09.2019).

Cuevas M.A., Las tres generaciones de los Derechos Humanos. Obtenido de Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas de la UNAM, (access 4.09.2019).

De Sousa Santos B., Sociología Jurídica Crítica, Trotta, Madrid 2009.

El acuerdo UE-Turquía, un año de vergüenza para Europa, latest/news/2017/03/the-eu-turkey-deal-europes-year-of-shame/(access 4.09.2019).

Held D., Cosmopolitismo. Ideales y Realidades, Alianza Editorial S.A., Madrid 2012.

Los principios de Universalidad, Interdependencia, Indivisibilidad y Progresividad de los Derechos Humanos, Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos, México 2016.

Montagna N., Social Movements and Social Mobilisations, in: New social Movements. A reader, eds. V. Ruggiero, N. Montagna, Routledge, New York 2008, pp. 349–356.

Nikken P., Sobre el concepto de Derechos Humanos. Seminario sobre Derechos Humanos, Instituto Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, San José 1997, pp. 17–36.

Ortega y Gasset J., La rebelión de las masas, Editorial La Guillotina, México 2010.

Ruggiero V., Montagna N., New Social Movements, in: New social Movements. A reader, eds. V. Ruggiero, N. Montagna, Routledge, New York 2008, pp. 195–199.

Santander P., Por qué y cómo hacer análisis del discurso, Cinta de Moebio 2011, pp. 207–224, DOI: https://doi. org/10.4067/S0717-554X2011000200006.

Tilly Ch., Social Movements, Paradigm Publishers, London 2004. Van Dijk T., El Análisis crítico del discurso, “Antrhopos” no. 186/1999, pp. 23–36.

Language: English

Pages: 133-151

How to Cite:


Ibarra Martínez, J. and Cota Navarro, P. (2019) "The Validity of Human Rights in Europe in the Wake of the Crisis of Refugees from the Middle East". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 3/2019, pp. 133-151. DOI: 10.33067/SE.3.2019.7