- Volume 26
- Number 4
Studia Europejskie –
Studies in European Affairs
Articles published in the journal are under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License
State Aid Trends in Poland and Finland – Similarities and Differences
State aid is one of the financial instruments available to EU member states for intervention in domestic markets. On the one hand its use is prohibited by Article 107(1) TFEU, but on the other hand there are many exemptions, including regional and horizontal state aid. Given the centralised system for State aid in the EU, one could expect that the volume and structure in terms of forms and purposes of public aid granted should be similar from one member state to the next. Considering the diversity among what are now 27 member states, both from the perspective of experience in managing the economy and the directions of its development, the objective of this article is to capture and evaluate the similarities and differences in the approach taken to State aid as an instrument of intervention in two relatively different countries – Poland and Finland. To this end the comparative analysis will not only cover Poland and Finland themselves but also their respective groups of countries – the Visegrád Group and Scandinavian members of the EU. The above analysis permits the conclusion that the structure of public aid relative to the main purposes of granting differs significantly between Poland and Finland, in favour of Finland, from the perspective of the achievement of the EU objectives associated with the successive economic strategies.
Ambroziak, A.A. (2021) Poland towards a new approach to state aid policy after accession to the European Union in Ambroziak, A.A. (ed.) Poland in the European Union. Report 2021. Warsaw: SGH Press House, pp. 37–56.
Ambroziak, A.A. (2022) “Forms of COVID-19 state aid by beneficiary size in Poland in 2020”, International Journal of Management and Economics. Vol. 58(1), pp. 44–63. DOI: 10.2478/ijme-2022-0003.
Bator, F.M. (1958) “The Anatomy of Market Failure”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics. Vol. 3(72), pp. 351–379. DOI: 10.2307/1882231.
Commission Regulation No 651/2014 of 17 June 2014 declaring certain categories of aid compatible with the internal market in application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty (2014) Official Journal L 187, 26.06., pp. 1–78. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/P
DF/?uri=CELEX:32014R0651&from=EN (Access 1.10.2022).
Commission Regulation No 800/2008 of 6 August 2008 declaring certain categories of aid compatible with the common market in application of Articles 87 and 88 of the Treaty (General block exemption Regulation) (2008) Official Journal L 214, 9.08., pp. 3–47. Available at: https://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:214:0003:0047:en:PDF (Access 1.10.2022).
Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (2008) Official Journal C 115/47. 9.05. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:88f94461-564b-4b75-aef7-c957de8e339d.0006.01/DOC_3&format=PDF (Access 1.10.2022).
European Commission (2022) State Aid Scoreboard 2021. Available at: https://competition-policy.ec.europa.eu/system/files/2022-09/state_aid_scoreboard_note_2021.pdf (Access 1.10.2022).
Grand J. (1991) “The Theory of Government Failure”, British Journal of Political Science. Vol. 21(4), pp. 423–442.
Oberthür S. and von Homeyer, I. (2022) “From emissions trading to the European Green Deal: the evolution of the climate policy mix and climate policy integration in the EU”, Journal of European Public Policy. Special Issue: Climate Policy: From Complexity to Consensus? DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2022.2120528.
von Mises, L. (2011) A Critique of Interventionism, The Ludwig von Mises Institute. Available at: https://mises.org/library/critiqueinterventionism (Access 1.10.2022).
Wojtyna, A. (1990) Nowoczesne państwo kapitalistyczne a gospodarka. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
How to Cite:
Ambroziak, A. (2023) "State Aid Trends in Poland and Finland – Similarities and Differences". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 4/2022, pp. 217-232. DOI: 10.33067/SE.4.2022.9
Ambroziak A. (2023). State Aid Trends in Poland and Finland – Similarities and Differences. Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 4/2022, 217-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33067/SE.4.2022.9
Ambroziak, Adam A.. 2023. "State Aid Trends in Poland and Finland – Similarities and Differences". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs 4/2022, 217-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33067/SE.4.2022.9