ISSUE: 1/2019

  • Volume 23
  • Number 1
  • 2019

Studia Europejskie –
Studies in European Affairs

ISSN: 1428-149X
e-ISSN: 2719-3780

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License

Articles published in the journal are under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License

Demographic Situation of the Czech Republic – The Current Situation and the Main Goals for the Future

Abstract

The main aim of the article is to analyze the demographic situation of the Czech Republic and to present the prospects for Czech demography in the coming years. The text is divided into sections related to the most important components of the demographic situation – population size and factors that influenced it in the past (e.g. the baby boom phenomenon), live births, the structure of the aging society in the Czech Republic ( there are more people aged 65+ than in the age group 0-14), deaths (caused largely by cancer and cardiovascular diseases). An important part of the analysis is the problem of external migration. The article was prepared on the basis of data from the Statistical Yearbook (Statisticka Rocenka Česke Republiký), published by Český Statistický Úřad (CSU). The text ends with conclusions and recommendations on demography. The authorm believes that the demographic problems of the Czech Republic are part of the overall demographic problems of the European Union, such as the low fertility rate (TFR), which is still far from the simple replacement of the generations. The result is an ageing European population, which will have a negative impact on the economy, social systems and external policies.

References

CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/. (access 15.10.2018).

Demographic Yearbook of Poland, 2017, Central Statistical Offi ce. 5 Silver Economy is explained in European Commission materials: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/silver-economy-study-how-stimulateeconomy-hundreds-millions-euros-year (access 15.10.2018).

European Commission materials: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-singlemarket/en/news/silver-economy-study-how-stimulate-economy-hundredsmillions-euros-year. Eurostat database: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database. (access 15.10.2018).

Holzer Z.J., Demografia, Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne PWE, Warszawa 2003, http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/worldageing19502050/pdf/076czech.pdf. (access 15.10.2018).

Potrykowska A., Strzelecki Z., Polska w Europie – Przyszłość demograficzna. Sesja Inauguracyjna, t. I, Zakład Wydawnictw Statystycznych, Warszawa 2012.

Statisticka Rocenka Česke Republiky, Česky Statisticky Uřad, 2017.

Language: English

Pages: 123-131

How to Cite:

Harvard

Moliński, A. (2019) "Demographic Situation of the Czech Republic – The Current Situation and the Main Goals for the Future". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 1/2019, pp. 123-131. DOI: 10.33067/SE.1.2019.07

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