ISSUE: 1/2016

  • Volume 77
  • Number 1
  • 2016


Studia Europejskie –
Studies in European Affairs

ISSN: 1428-149X
e-ISSN: 2719-3780

Ccbync License


Articles published in the journal are under a Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivatives 4.0 International License

Challenges and Proposed Alternatives for EU Policy in Managing Migration from its Southern Borders


The aftermath of the Arab Spring revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa, and the ongoing instability in the southern Mediterranean region, have caused an unprecedented wave of irregular migration towards southern EU borders. The exponential increase of irregular migration, especially by smuggling boats, through the Mediterranean Sea, has led to growing numbers of deaths and human rights violations of migrants. The EU’s current migration and mobility policy towards the southern Mediterranean region is widely focused on the paradigm of securitising border control, and the externalisation of its management to the EU’s periphery member states, and to third countries. This policy frame has not succeeded in producing sustainable solutions for migratory management on the EU’s southern borders, and has been detrimental to the protection of human rights. While EU leaders are looking for solutions to decrease the pressure of migratory management experienced by its southern members, and to sway irregular migration in general, the Eurosceptic and anti-migratory political climate that prevails in many parts of the EU has made any decisions regarding migration controversial. This article will analyse the current paradigms of EU policy towards migration from the southern Mediterranean region, and discuss the alternatives and necessary adjustments that could be made to alleviate the situation.


Carrera S., Den Hertog L., Parkin J., EU Migration Policy in the Wake of the Arab Spring: What Prospects for EU-Southern Mediterranean Relations?, MEDPRO Technical Report No. 15/August 2012, [last visited 19.06. 2015].

Cassarino J.P., Lavenex S., EU-Migration Governance in the Mediterranean Region: The Promise of (a Balanced) Partnership?, „IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook Med. 2012”, [last visited 19.06.2015].

Central Mediterranean Sea Initiative, The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), [last visited 24.03.2015].

De Bode L., PEGIDA Movement Spreads across Europe, Stirs Anti-immigrant Sentiment, „Al Jazeera America”, 14.01.2015.

EUCO 22/15, CO EUR 8, CONCL. European Council meeting (25 and 26 June 2015) – Conclusions, [last visited 2.07.2015].

Fargues P., Bonfanti S., When the best option is a leaky boat: why migrants risk their lives crossing the Mediterranean and what Europe is doing about it,

Migration Policy Centre (2014), EUI, [last visited

Halikiopoulou, D.,Vasilopoulou, S., Support for the Far Right in the 2014 European Parliament Elections: A Comparative Perspective, „The Political
Quarterly”, Vol. 85(3)/2014, p. 285–288.

Handbook on European Law Relating to Asylum, Borders and Immigration, Luxembourg 2014. [24.03.2015]. [last visited 19.06.2015]. [last visited 20.04.2015]. [last visited 16.06.2015]. [last visited 18.02.2015]. [last visited 21.04.2015]. [last visited 22.04.2015]. [last visited 24.04.2015]. [odważniejsze2.07.2015]. [last visited 16.06.2015]. [last visited 12.05.2015]. [last visited 5.05.2015]. les/reports/morocco0214_ForUpload. pdf [last visited 19.06.2015]. gures-analysis [last visited 19.06.2015]. [last visited 16.06.2015]. [last visited 24.03.2015]. [last visited 16.06.2015]. [last visited 2.07.2015]. [last visited 2.07.2015]. [last visited 26.06.2015]. [last visited 16.06.2015].

Mudde C., The Far Right in the 2014 European Elections: Of Earthquakes, Cartels and Designer Fascists, „The Washington Post”, 30.05.2014.

Parkes R., Integrating EU Defence and Migration Policies in the Mediterranean, Madrid 2014.

Prioritising Border Control over Human Lives: Violations of the Rights of Migrants and Refugees at Sea, Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN), [last visited 27.03.2015].

Riegert B., EU Mulls Quotas for Refugees, „Deutsche Welle”, 10.10.2014.

Shifting Borders. Externalising Migrant Vulnerabilities and Rights?, Red Cross EU Office, Brussels 2013.

Taylor P., Aging Europe Needs the Migrants It Doesn’t Want, „Reuters”, 1.12.2014.

Triandafyllidou A., Dimitriadi A., Migration Management at the Outposts of the European Union. The Case of Italy’s and Greece’s Borders, „GriffithLawReview”, Vol. 22, No. 3/2013, pp. 598–618.

Ward, B., The EU Stands By as Thousands of Migrants Drown in the Mediterranean, „Human Rights Watch”, 22.02.2015.

Weaver, M., Angela Merkel: German Multiculturalism Has ‘Utterly Failed’, „The Guardian”, 17.10.2010.

Language: English

Pages: 95-117

How to Cite:


Baker, D. (2016) "Challenges and Proposed Alternatives for EU Policy in Managing Migration from its Southern Borders". Studia Europejskie – Studies in European Affairs, 1/2016, pp. 95-117.