Ph.D., Professor of Scandinavian Cultural Studies (with an emphasis on North European History) at Humboldt University, Berlin/Germany. Dr. Tuchtenhagen studied History, Scandinavian, and German Studies at Freiburg University/Germany, and at Sorbonne University, Paris/France. In 1987, Dr. Tuchtenhagen attained a Ph.D. on the Russian Tsarist government’s policy on religious minorities in the Russian Empire, 1905–1917. Between 1993–2003, he served as Assistant Professor of Eastern European History at Heidelberg University. In 2001, his second book (“Habilitation”) on the integration processes of the central administration and provinces in Sweden and Russia c. 1560–1800 was published. From 2002–2003, he was a visiting professor at Saarland University. For seven years between 2003–2009, he was Professor of Eastern and Northern European History at Hamburg University. In 2008, he was a visiting professor at Södertörn University, Stockholm/Sweden, and in 2013 he was Guest Researcher at the European University in Florence, Italy. The following are Dr. Tuchtenhagen’s main interests in research and teaching: the history of the Baltic Sea region, the history of the North Atlantic, and the human history of the Arctic. Recent publications: (ed.) Die Schweden im deutschen Südwesten. Vorgeschichte, Dreißigjähriger Krieg, Erinnerung [Swedes in the German Southwest: Prehistory, the Thirty Years War, Commemoration] (2020); and Das Baltikum: Geschichte einer europäischen Region [The Baltic States: History of a European Region], 3 volumes (2018–2021).